Federalism in nepal: conflict and potential for its resolution abstract bishnu raj upreti 1 nepal is the youngest country to adapt federalism after ending the 10 years of armed insurgency waged by unified communist party of nepal (maoist) (ucpn-m 2) in 2006. 5 this section is based on mg rao and n singh, the political economy of federalism in india (new delhi: oxford university press, 2005), which provides detailed analysis and data on all aspects of india's federal system it has been abridged because of space constraints. Fiscal equalization : challenges in the design of intergovernmental transfers / edited by jorge martinez-vazquez, bob searle.
Intergovernmental fiscal relations act (1997) - this act sets out the process for the division of nationally raised revenues between the three spheres of government it establishes the budget forum, in. Intergovernmental transfers support many different types of public expenditures by recipient governments, intergovernmental flows in the us fiscal system display a surprising degree of stability and persistence over time. Abstractdespite the extensive literature on distributive politics, there is still is a lack of a theory of how political and fiscal institutions interact to shape the pork barreling ability of national leaders in a federal parliamentary democracy.
Prior research on the politics of market reform in developing nations has generally ignored the significant role of federal political and economic arrangements in shaping adjustment processes in contrast, this research develops a model of macroeconomic reform that accounts for the significance of. Decentralization—the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the central government to subordinate or quasi-independent government organizations and/or the private sector—is a complex multifaceted concept. Though the later approaches the problem of fiscal federalism from different perspective, it does not challenge but complements the former the paper argues that second generation theory is an ongoing effort to build a theory in response to fiscal challenges facing a number of countries.
India, federalism, collaborative federalism, cooperative federalism, intergovernmental interactions, coordination mechanisms, ndc (national development council), isc (inter-state council), collaborative council. Second generation fiscal federalism 3 1 also in this approach is the work of congleton, kyriacou, and bacaria (2003), cremer and palfrey (2002), iaryczower, saiegh, and to mmasi (2000), jones, sanguinetti, and tomasi. The first way is to supplement local revenues by intergovernmental fiscal transfers - without undesirably reducing local efforts to collect their own taxes (see transfer section ) the second option is to permit subnational governments to levy their own broad-based taxes - as long as they burden local beneficiaries only. The intergovernmental fiscal relations and local government organization and finance program will be delivered through seminars, workshops, conferences, specialized courses, dl and web-based courses. It shall distinguish decentralization in the sense of fiscal federalism, defined for this paper's purpose as the interaction between the federal, provincial and municipal governments in reference to financial transfers for policy initiatives.
Intergovernmental grants2 2this economic use of the term federalism is an essay on fiscal federalism 1121 field and explore a series of current top. 2001, intergovernmental relations in federal countries : a series of essays on the practice of federal governance / edited by j peter meekison the forum of federations ottawa wikipedia citation please see wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. This paper focuses on the importance of spending needs factors in the design of equalization transfers as well as special purpose transfers-and the role that this could have in setting the agenda for better accountability for recipient governments, illustrating both design and implementation questions with examples from mexico.
55 policy options for improving local government intergovernmental fiscal relations 551 monitoring, co-ordination and alignment the introduction of budget reform processes would go a long way towards improving monitoring, co-ordination and alignment at the local government level. Fiscal capacity equalization and economic efficiency 3 economic efficiency arguments for such inter-regional transfers have appeared in the fiscal federalism literature. Unequal fiscal capacities across indian states: how corrective the fiscal transfer mechanism", paper presented at the world institute for development economic research/united nations to submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an update/correction/removal request. Fiscal federalism 153 at the policy level, the advisory commission on intergovernmental relations (acir) (1990) car-ried out pioneering studies on fiscal disparities.