Mongol empire mongol empire - genghis khan the mongol empire was founded by genghis khan, a mongol political and military leader who sometimes brutally conquered and united the mongol tribes. He reformed china's political structure to have a closed social hierarchy his dynasty, the yuan dynasty (1271-1368), led to the development of chinese literature and architectural style therefore, kublai khan influenced china's economy, culture, political structure, architecture and literature during his rule. Biran part b section1 (b1) mongol 3 in recent decades, there has also been an upturn in the amount of works devoted to the relations between the mongols and their neighbouring civilizations, be it europe, russia, the arab middle east or.
-the nationalist movements in the middle east already existed during their takeover, making the formation of nation-states faster than latin america which had to develop nationalism over time -a new independent nation-state in the middle east (israel) was purposefully created by european powers. Ultimately, this invasion had a major effect on the traffic of the silk road because of a temporary halt in trade between the east and the west, which would set the stage for mongol rule across central asia that would support the last era of a flourishing silk road. Mongol rule in china was a lot more strict and direct the mongols defeated chinas imperial armies and made themselves direct rules however they let russia do as they pleased they let them keep.
The mongol il-khanate established by hulagu's descendants would rule over persia, iraq, and anatolia for over 100 years over decades and centuries, the mongols in southwest asia slowly converted to islam and became absorbed in a persian/turkish culture. Since the mongols only perceived china as just one section of their vast empire, they discriminated greatly against the chinese, creating a caste system with the mongols at the top, followed by the islamic population, and ending with the conquered chinese. Describe the economic and social effects of the spread of the bubonic plague from central asia to china, the middle east, and europe, and its impact on global population (g, s, e. The emergence of the ilkhanate had an important historical impact in the middle eastern region the establishment of the unified mongol empire had significantly eased trade and commerce across asia the communications between the ilkhanate and the yuan dynasty headquartered in china encouraged this development.
During the middle ages, the islamic world was a global center of trade, culture, and learning arab muslim traders dominated the rich trade in spices, silk, porcelain, and jewels that flowed between china, the area that is now indonesia, india, and points west. Historically the time of mongol empire facilitated great cultural exchange and trade between the east, west, and the middle east during the time between 13th century and 14th century the rapid expansion of the mongol empire was possible as a result of military skill, brilliant political and economic organization, and discipline. Long term impact on the middle east of the mongol invasion is much more complex and depatable dj kaufman wisdom is the reward for a lifetime of listening when youd have preferred to talk.
In the thirteenth century, mongol (or tatar) armies swept over china, much of the islamic world, and russia ghengis khan invaded russia in 1223 and kiev fell to batu khan in 1240 russian cities became tribute-paying principalities of the segment of the mongol empire called the golden horde which had its capital at sarai, on the lower volga. Themes in ap world history 2005 comparison the political and economic effects of mongol rule on two of the following regions: china middle east. Other regions, particularly in the middle east, declined in political and economic power, as depopulation had major consequences policies in china, in part, also adjusted based on experiences with the mongols, that then led to new rulers in china to become, over time, more isolationist. Until about 20 years ago, most scholars of mongol-era china emphasized the destructive influence of mongol rule one major scholar of chinese history even wrote: the mongols brought violence and destruction to all aspects of china's civilization [they were] insensitive to.
Compare and contrast the political and economic effects of mongol rule on two of the following regions: china, middle east, russia difference #1: china was ruled directly by the mongols, while russia was able to self-govern (as long as they payed their taxes. Mongol influence on persia (middle east) background mongol incursion began in the early 13th century, lead by genghis khan claimed to have started due to failed trade agreement, as well as overall desire for conquest. Kublai khan slowly adopted chinese political structures and political theories forbidden city contained elements of arabic, mongolian, western asian, and chinese architectural styles this aloofness from the chinese exemplified by the forbidden city was carried over into almost every other aspect of mongolian rule. The mongol conquest led to peace between the nations under mongol rule, the reopening of the silk road and the unification of russia the mongols also introduced guns, gunpowder, a writing system and the importance of literacy for more than 100 years, the countries under mongolian rule co-existed.