47 chapter five viral diseases viral hepatitis introduction hepatitis literally means inflammation of the liver this section focuses on viral hepatitis, infection caused by a group of viruses that primarily affect the liver. Hepatitis c is caused by the hepatitis c virus and is the most common type of viral hepatitis in the uk it's usually spread through blood-to-blood contact with an infected person in the uk, it's most commonly spread through sharing needles used to inject drugs. Viral hepatitis is a type of liver disease that can be caused by several different viruses the most common types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis a, b, and c, although there are other varieties as well, such as hepatitis d and e. Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver some types, like hepatitis a, b, and c, are caused by viruses learn about tests to diagnose viral hepatitis.
Examples of communicable, or infectious, diseases include hepatitis, polio, influenza, hiv/aids, malaria, and tuberculosis these diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites are capable of spreading among people through the air, blood and other bodily fluids. The five common types of hepatitis are caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis we'll explain the different types, causes, common symptoms, diagnosis. Pathogens are microscopic organisms that cause or have the potential to cause disease different types of pathogens include bacteria, viruses, protists (amoeba, plasmodium, etc), fungi, parasitic worms (flatworms and roundworms), and prions.
Treatment of viral hepatitis is dependant on the type of hepatitis viral infections watch this slideshow on viral infections and learn about types, treatment, and prevention of illnesses caused by viruses. Types of viral disorders (see also overview of viruses ) categorizing viral infections by the organ system most commonly affected (eg, lungs, gi tract, skin, liver, cns, mucous membranes) can be clinically useful, although certain viral disorders (eg, mumps) are hard to categorize. Information on all types of viral hepatitis from the cdc's national center for infectious diseases site features related cdc guidelines and recommendations as well as training materials, slide sets, fact sheets, and key cdc hepatitis documents.
Hepatitis c virus is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the united states and the prevalence of hepatitis c virus infection is increasing worldwide the world health organization estimates that 71 million individuals throughout the world are infected with chronic hcv. The most common types of the inflammatory disease are hepatitis a, b and c a little about each illness: • hepatitis a is generally a short-term sickness, and most people who contract it will. Viral hepatitis the most common cause of hepatitis is infection with a virus there are five different viruses which can cause five different types of hepatitis.
What are the five types of hepatitis hepatitis is a common disease that inflames the liver, an important organ for metabolism and breaking down food in the digestive system. There are three major types of hepatitis, and all of them affect your liver some of the symptoms are similar, but they have different treatments some of the symptoms are similar, but they have. A number of factors can cause the serious liver disease hepatitis, including viral infections, alcohol and certain drugs but in autoimmune hepatitis, the problem is different: your body's own immune system attacks your liver. Hepatitis a through e (viral hepatitis) (national institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases) hepatitis information for the public (centers for disease control and prevention) viral hepatitis (department of health and human services, office on women's health) also in spanish. Hepatitis is a disease that attacks the liver there are five types of hepatitis: hepatitis a, b, c, d, and e understanding how the different types of hepatitis.
Hepatitis a is an acute disease with a low mortality rate caused by the hepatitis a virus (an rna virus) it is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, often through the contamination of foods such as vegetables and seafood. Symptoms of all types of viral hepatitis are similar and can include one or more of the following: • persons with chronic liver disease, including. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver most often, hepatitis is caused by infection with certain viruses however, liver inflammation can also result from exposure to chemicals, over-the-counter or prescription drugs, heavy alcohol use, inherited diseases, autoimmune disease, or fatty buildup in the liver.
Individuals who have antibody to hepatitis c should be considered potentially persistently infected, and the presence of viral rna in infections by hepatitis c are associated with chronic persistent or active hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver although hepatitis can be the symptom of many illnesses, including autoimmune diseases, it is most often caused by a viral infection. Although hepatitis c is typically divided into acute hepatitis c and chronic hepatitis c, the truth is that they are actually the same disease the primary difference between them is how long they stay and wreak havoc in the body 1 thus, they can also be defined as stages of hepatitis c. Viruses are the most common causative pathogen and therefore infectious hepatitis can be divided into viral hepatitis and non-viral hepatitis viral hepatitis there are five types of hepatitis viruses, which specifically target liver cells (hepatocytes) and are the most common causes of hepatitis.
Are there different types of hepatitis c virus a genotype is a classification of a virus based on the genetic material in the rna strands of the virus there are six distinct genotypes of hepatitis c virus in the world with multiple sub-types in each genotype class. Hepatitis b virus (dane particle) - causes human hepatitis, type b (serum hepatitis or long incubation hepatitis) and hepatocellular carcinoma family picornaviridae the family name comes from the word, pico, meaning small and rna denoting the type of nucleic acid found in these viruses. Specific autoantibodies are used to help diagnose the different types of autoimmune hepatitis antibodies are proteins made by the immune system to fight off bacteria and viruses antibodies are proteins made by the immune system to fight off bacteria and viruses.