Mcgregor's theory x and theory y is a simplistic, but useful account of two theories or visions of human behavior on theory x, we are self-interested individuals who seek wealth and pleasure. Theory x and y theory x and theory y were ideas created by management professor, douglas mcgregor these theories were originally introduced in 1960 in his book the human side of enterprise and describe two very different management styles. Open document below is an essay on theory x and theory y from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. In contrast to the principles of conventional management mentioned as theory x, the advocated theory y illuminated a cluster of new or redefined concepts such as self-fulfilling prophecy and responsibility.
Theory x managers (or indeed theory y managers displaying theory x behaviour) are primarily results oriented - so orientate your your own discussions and dealings with them around results - ie what you can deliver and when. Discuss mcgregor's theory x and theory y complete the what is my level of psycap self-assessment write a 1,400-word paper in which you include the following:. Theory x theory y studentâ€™s name institutional affiliation theory x theory y introduction today managers are faced with different types of problems emanating from employees and the work environment. Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theorydouglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory y.
Theory x / y / z and maslow's heirarchy of needs mcgregor's theory x / y and william ouichi's theory z i can say that theory x presents the pessimistic view of employees' nature and behaviour at work, while theory y presents the optimistic view. Theory-x (authoritarian management style) human beings have an inherent dislike for work and will try to avoid it • people must be coerced controlled threatened to get the work done the average human being prefers to be directed wishes to avoid responsibility. Pplication of two motivation theories-maslow's hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor's theory x &y to increase the productivity of staff according to maslow, a person's needs are the main motivator that drives a human. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book the human side of enterprise 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Unlike in theory x, douglas mcgregor starts from the assumption in theory y that people have different needs theory y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Theory 'x' places exclusive reliance on external control of human behaviour, while theory 'y' relies on self- regulation if we relate theory 'x' and theory 'y' to maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, it may be said that theory 'x' may be more applicable where a man is concerned with the lower level of needs. Mcgregor developed two theories of human behaviour at work: theory and x and theory y he did not imply that workers would be one type or the other. A brief introduction to theory x and y mcgregor related employee motivation to the style of management he categorized employee behavior into two types - theory x and theory y theory x employees are categorized as lazy and unmotivated and only worked when forced to and never worked hard. Theory x and theory y behavior scale (kopelman, prottas, and falk, 2008) out of 200 surveys, 115 were returned two of the surveys had to be eliminated due to missing.
Afat mc 2016 dissertation 800 words essay on corruption in politics essay on long walk to forever hero cycle essays best essay for college application write my essay custom writing quotes. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y: compare and contrast order description using the text and at least three other legitimate resources, write a 3-5 page paper that compares and contrasts mcgregor's theory x and theory y. This paper examines the theory x and theory y that were proposed by douglas mcgregor in his book titled the human side of enterprise the paper discusses the assumptions that the theories are based on and how they relate to the way that employees work in an organization.
Thus, realizing the limitations of the theory x mcgregor developed an alternative theory which is known as theory y this theory assumes: (a) management is responsible for organizing the elements of productive enterprise- money, materials, equipment and people in the interest of economic ends. Theory x and theory y essay douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college.
Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise , douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y. Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, mcgregor's x-y theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. The x theory and y theory essay sample douglas mcgregor, a social psychologist, introduced us to his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book the human side of enterprise theory x and theory y are most commonly referred to in the field of management and employee motivation.