Noun alfred (ˈalfreːt), count von schlieffen 1833-1913, german field marshal, who devised the schlieffen plan (1905): it was intended to ensure german victory over a franco-russian alliance by holding off russia with minimal strength and swiftly defeating france by a massive flanking movement through the low countries. Helmut von moltke adapted the original plan by alfred von schlieffen and ultimately failed when the germans were beaten at the battle of the marne indy explains the numerous reasons why the. The schlieffen plan was created by count alfred von schlieffen and modified by helmuth von moltke the younger after schlieffen's retirement it was moltke who actually implemented the plan at the outset of world war i in modified form, it was executed to near victory in the first month of the war.
The plan was first put to paper at the end of 1905 when schlieffen retired, and was adapted to changing international circumstances by his successor, the younger helmuth von moltke the underlying principle remained the same until august 1914. Much is made of the german schlieffen plan and, to a lesser extent, the french plan xviibut what of austria-hungary's plan b and russia's plan 19this article details the primary aims of each of these plans, and discusses the rationale behind them. In 1914 the german attack on france was based on a later iteration of the plan that von schlieffen produced in 1905 the plan was aimed at fighting a war on 2 fronts against russia and france von molkte changed the plan when he replaced schlieffen but the essentials were the same both plans were.
The schlieffen plan the schlieffen plan is commonly - though misleadingy - identified with the german western offensive at the start of the first world war in august 1914, which began as a campaign of rapid movement but ended in deadlock and trench warfare. Schlieffen's plan called for an attack between dunkirk and verdun with thirty-five army corps and eight cavalry divisions however, after securing the unanimous support of the german general staff for his plan, he retired in 1906 and left its execution to his successor general moltke. A german general, count schlieffen, first outlined this bold strategy in 1894, and so it became known as the schlieffen plan the key to the plan was to knock france out of the war in six weeks, before britain and russia had time to react. The schlieffen plan was produced to get around the problem of international diplomacy german politicians expected that, in the event of war, france and russia would.
The schlieffen plan had anticipated, and counted on, the russian armies taking longer to mobilise the plan estimated russia to take 6 weeks to immobilise but instead they took 10 days and were ready to attack. The schlieffen plan - the schlieffen plan the schlieffen plan is commonly - though misleadingy - identified with the german western offensive at the start of the first world war in august 1914, which began as a campaign of rapid movement but ended in deadlock and trench warfare. The schlieffen plan was the german plan of attack designed to defeat france quickly and then turn on russia it was intended to avoid a war on two fronts. The schlieffen plan drawn up in 1905 was the german army's answer to its central strategic problem: how to win a war on two fronts, against france in the west and russia in the east. The schlieffen plan debate 1999-2014 in 1999 'the schlieffen plan reconsidered' appeared in war in historyit contended that the schlieffen plan, one of the pillars of 20 th-century military history, had never actually been the german war plan, which caused considerable controversy and ruffled the feathers of some very senior historians, a number of whom were on the record as saying that the.
Introducing the schlieffen plan the schlieffen plan was an operational plan used by the germans to take over france and belgium and carried out in august 1914 it was devised by and named after. What was the schlieffen plan germany would attack france first by traveling through belgium, and take paris in about 3 weeks france would surrender once paris was taken, and then germany would attack russia. The failure of the schlieffen plan and its effects on the german defeat on the western front by the spring of 1914, imperial germany was spoiling for war. The schlieffen plan has 5 ratings and 0 reviews using a copy of the schlieffen plan unearthed in 1953, ritter examines the man and his plan for the germ. The germans were slowed and this later on gave france time to fall back to fight the battle of the marne which signified the end of the schlieffen plan give 5 main reasons why the plan failed french resistance, german exhaustion, belgian resistance, changes to the plan, bef.
The schlieffen plan was developed by german general alfred von schlieffen at the beginning of the 20th century the plan was developed in consideration of the possibility that germany might find itself in a two-front war with france to the west and russia to the east. The result was the schlieffen plan this involved a rapid mobilization, and the bulk of the entire german army attacking through the western lowlands into northern france, where they would sweep round and attack paris from behind its defences. The schlieffen plan was germany's plan for a war with the entente the plan, proposed by alfred von schlieffen , was to invade france through neutral belgium and reach paris before france could respond sufficiently, and force a surrender.
The schlieffen plan is possibly the most important document in world war i studies its' development, modifications and execution are a major reason for the western front while influencing the eastern front. The schlieffen plan refers to a devious plan invented by the german henchman to kaiser wilhelm ii, heinrich von schlieffen the plan has been used over and over again by the germans to help their ultimate goal of the world domination. The schlieffen plan was created by general count alfred von schlieffen in december 1905 the schlieffen plan was the operational plan for a designated attack on france once russia, in response to international tension, had started to mobilise her forces near the german border. The schlieffen plan: critique of a myth and millions of other books are available for amazon kindle learn more enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free kindle app.